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L’ECO PSICOLOGIA CENTRATA SULLE PERSONE: UNA SCIENZA PER RECUPERARE LE INNATE CAPACITÀ DI RISPETTO E CONTATTO PROFONDO.

Alberto Zucconi 2024*

Presidente Istituto dell’Approccio Centrato sulla Persona (IACP)

Chair World Academy of Art and Science (WAAS)

Co-director World Sustainability Forum (WSF)

*Sunto di un invited adress all’apertuta dell’anno accademico della Specializzazione in Psicologia della salute, Dipartimento di Psicologia dell’Università di Torino e del seminario tenutosi il 1 giugno 2024 per l’Ordine degli Psicologi della Regione Lazio



L’autocertificazione degli esseri umani come specie più intelligente del pianeta, pecca di eccessivo ottimismo. L‘Era dell’ Antropocene così definita poiché è la fonte del maggiore impatto sulle condizioni del pianeta derivano dai comportamenti scriteriati della nostra specie che determinano una accelerata degradazione ambientale, distruzione della sicurezza umana e crescenti minacce esistenziali. L’United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (2023) afferma che Il cambiamento climatico sta causando disastri sempre più devastanti e frequenti che combinati a altre minacce: Conflitti, Epidemie, Inflazione ecc. creano il fenomeno delle POLICRISI. Bilal & Känzig (2024) hanno calcolato che i danni macroeconomici causati dal cambiamento climatico sono 6 volte più grandi di quanto si pensava: Un aumento di 1°C della temperatura globale ci costa il 12% del PIL mondiale. L’OMS (2021) afferma che il Cambiamento Climatico è la più grave minaccia alla salute per l’umanità. Ogni anno i fattori ambientali producono circa 13 milioni di morti ed enormi danni alla salute fisica e mentale.


Non menzionata dalle statistiche sulla salute mentale è la pazzia collettiva che con i nostri comportamenti autodistruttivi ha inquinato l’aria, gli oceani, la terra e le catene alimentari, esaurendo le risorse naturali del pianeta. La situazione è così grave che gli scienziati che hanno costruito l’Orologio dell’Apocalisse ci esortano a cambiare marcia prima che sia troppo tardi: adesso mancano solo 90 secondi alla mezzanotte: l’ora del non ritorno... La sopravvivenza di tutte le forme di vita dipende dalla loro capacità di adattamento ai cambiamenti ambientali. Non avere capacità di contatto profondo con noi stessi gli altri e il mondo è una forma di grave psicopatologia così diffusa da essere scambiata per la normalità.


E’ imperativo rendere sostenibili tutti gli aspetti delle nostre vite. L’educazione formale ed informale debbono offrire alle persone le conoscenze, capacità e attitudini necessarie a sopravvivere e prosperare nell’era dell’Antropocene. Le Specializzazioni in Psicologia della Salute hanno un ruolo importante e una grande responsabilità nell’ attualizzare pienamente la loro mission a livello scientifico, sanitario, etico, sociale e ambientale. Per vivere in modo sostenibile dobbiamo stabilire relazioni sostenibili con le diverse parti di noi stessi con rispetto, empatia e capacità di contatto profondo, per poter relazionarci efficacemente con altre persone, comunità e culture e di sentirci connessi con tutte le forme di vita del pianeta.


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